2. Leaders must insist that everyone speak out loud in front of the others, even -- or especially -- when there are vehement disagreements.
3. A leader must do the homework to master the fundamental ideas and concepts behind his policies. Leaders should not micromanage, but understanding the ramifications of his positions cannot be outsourced to anyone.
4. Leaders need to draw people out and make sure bad news makes it to the top.
5. Leaders need to foster a culture of skepticism and doubt.
6. Leaders get contradictory data, and they need a rigorous way to sort it out.
7. Leaders must tell the hard truth to their Sailors, even if that means delivering very bad news.
8. Righteous motives are not enough for effective command policy.
9. Leaders must insist on strategic thinking.
10. Leaders should embrace transparency. Some version of every truth will always make it out to the command -- and everyone will be better off if that version is as accurate as possible.
Taken from Bob Woodward's (Washington Post) "Ten Takeaways from the Bush Years"